November 12th, 2006



Человек обладает врожденной способностью к созданию языка

Всего 25 лет понадобилось детям никарагуанской школы для глухих для того, чтобы создать собственный язык жестов. Причем дети сделали это совершенно самостоятельно без какой-либо помощи со стороны взрослых. -- link

Senghas, A., & Sotaro, K, Özyurek, A. (2004) - Children creating core properties of language: Evidence from an emerging sign language in Nicaragua. - Science -- html or pdf

Senghas, A. Where did Nicaraguan Sign Language come from?

This is compelling evidence that humans are predisposed to develop language in this way, say the researchers -- BBC News

PNAS (2005) - The emergence of grammar: Systematic structure in a new language

Hauser, M. D., Chomsky, N., and Fitch, W. T. (2002) - The Faculty of Language: What Is It, Who Has It, and How Did It Evolve? - Science

Fitch, W. T., Hauser, M. D., and Chomsky, N. (2005) - The evolution of the language faculty: Clarifications and implications. - Cognition

Noam Chomsky On The Spontaneous Invention Of Language

Q: If we were to take a handful of children and put them alone on an island, would they develop their own language?

Well, there are a couple of cases which indicate that. Of course, we don't experiment on humans, so we don't have an experimental answer. But there are a couple of natural experiments--which have just happened--which seem to indicate that's exactly what occurs. There's one fairly recent case, and then one from years ago. -- Interview (Oct. 2005)

The Economist -- AAAS press release -- SciAm